研究:男性更爱不懂装懂
文章来源:未知 文章作者:enread 发布时间:2019-05-08 09:12 字体: [ ] 
(单词翻译:双击或拖选)
Men are more likely than women to fake 1 they don't have – and rich men are the worst culprits when it comes to speaking with authority on topics they have no idea about, according to a new study.
 
一项新研究显示,男性比女性更爱不懂装懂——而在与权威人士交谈时,有钱男人不懂装懂的可能性最高。
 
Researchers call this the art of 'BS.'
 
Experts at the University College of London partnered with the Australian Catholic University to measure how 2 the BS trait is among different demographic groups, according to The Washington Post.
 
They asked study participants to give an 3 of how well they knew 16 different math topics on a scale of 1-5 – with answers ranging from, 'never heard of it' to 'know it well, understand the concept.'
 
The 4 thing is, three of those topics were completely made up: 'proper numbers,' 'subjunctive scaling' and 'declarative fractions.'
 
Anyone who said they were familiar or well-versed in the faux 5 was labelled a 'BSer.'
 
A BSer is more likely to 'display overconfidence in their academic prowess and problem-solving skills,' the study said.
 
In other words: be 6 of braggarts – they're least likely to live up to the reputation they've built for themselves.
 
Using data from nine predominately English-speaking countries, researchers found that North Americans were more likely to BS than people in other parts of the world – and Canadians are worse than Americans.
 
By comparison, in Europe the BS trait was much more specific to men and the rich.Boys were more likely than girls to pretend they knew what the fabricated math subjects are – a finding that was consistent across all nine countries.
 
However, the gap between men and women was smallest in the United States, suggesting that 7 equality is a little more balanced here when it comes to BS.
 
Researchers also found a major difference between socioeconomic classes, with the people living in richest households more likely to overstate their expertise – and the poorest least likely to indulge in BS.
 
However, again, the gap was smallest in the US.
 
The study also suggests that BS could sometimes manifest as a useful life skill, for example during job interviews and college applications.


点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 fmTx0     
n.专门知识(或技能等),专长
参考例句:
  • We were amazed at his expertise on the ski slopes.他斜坡滑雪的技能使我们赞叹不已。
  • You really have the technical expertise in a new breakthrough.让你真正在专业技术上有一个全新的突破。
2 T3zzH     
adj.普遍的;遍布的,(到处)弥漫的;渗透性的
参考例句:
  • It is the most pervasive compound on earth.它是地球上最普遍的化合物。
  • The adverse health effects of car exhaust are pervasive and difficult to measure.汽车尾气对人类健康所构成的有害影响是普遍的,并且难以估算。
3 vO7yu     
n.评价;评估;对财产的估价,被估定的金额
参考例句:
  • This is a very perceptive assessment of the situation.这是一个对该情况的极富洞察力的评价。
  • What is your assessment of the situation?你对时局的看法如何?
4 9fCzyd     
adj.狡猾的,奸诈的;(工作等)棘手的,微妙的
参考例句:
  • I'm in a rather tricky position.Can you help me out?我的处境很棘手,你能帮我吗?
  • He avoided this tricky question and talked in generalities.他回避了这个非常微妙的问题,只做了个笼统的表述。
5 4f19670e38d5e63c785879e223b3bde0     
n.专门,特性,特别;专业( specialty的名词复数 );特性;特制品;盖印的契约
参考例句:
  • Great Books are popular, not pedantic. They are not written by specialists about specialties for specialists. 名著绝不引经据典,艰深难懂,而是通俗易读。它们不是专家为专业人员撰写的专业书籍。 来自英汉 - 翻译样例 - 文学
  • Brain drains may represent a substantial reduction in some labor force skills and specialties. 智力外流可能表示某种劳动力技能和特长大量减少。 来自辞典例句
6 JMEzk     
adj.谨慎的,机警的,小心的
参考例句:
  • He is wary of telling secrets to others.他谨防向他人泄露秘密。
  • Paula frowned,suddenly wary.宝拉皱了皱眉头,突然警惕起来。
7 slSyD     
n.(生理上的)性,(名词、代词等的)性
参考例句:
  • French differs from English in having gender for all nouns.法语不同于英语,所有的名词都有性。
  • Women are sometimes denied opportunities solely because of their gender.妇女有时仅仅因为性别而无法获得种种机会。
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